Answer: The Trojan War.
Some extra relevant information:
Homer’s “Iliad” is about the events of the Trojan War. The Trojan War was a legendary conflict that took place around the 12th or 13th century BCE, according to historical accounts and mythology. The war was fought between the Greeks, led by King Agamemnon, and the Trojans, led by King Priam.
The “Iliad” primarily focuses on a short period within the ten-year war. It starts with the wrath of Achilles, a Greek hero, who withdraws from battle after an argument with Agamemnon. The narrative unfolds as Achilles’ close friend Patroclus is killed by the Trojan prince Hector, leading to Achilles’ return to the war seeking revenge.
Homer’s “Iliad” provides vivid descriptions of the battles, the heroes’ bravery, and the gods’ interventions in human affairs. The poem also explores themes like honor, fate, the consequences of hubris, and the frailties of mortal life. It offers a rich portrayal of the characters’ emotions, struggles, and the devastating impact of the war on individuals and society.
While the story of the Trojan War was part of ancient Greek mythology and folklore, archaeological evidence suggests that a conflict did occur in the region corresponding to Troy in modern-day Turkey. The epic poem, “Iliad,” serves as one of the primary sources of information about the war and has had a significant influence on literature and storytelling throughout history.