Answer: Charles Martel
Some extra relevant information:
One commander in history who effectively ruled over their kingdom without officially being the head of state was Zhuge Liang of the Shu Han Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period in ancient China.
Zhuge Liang, also known as Zhuge Kongming, was a brilliant strategist, statesman, and scholar. He served as the chief military advisor to the ruler of Shu, Liu Bei. Despite not holding the official title of the head of state, Zhuge Liang was the de facto ruler of the kingdom.
During his time in power, Zhuge Liang implemented various reforms, developed strategies for military campaigns, improved governance, and promoted agricultural and economic development. His talent and leadership were instrumental in expanding and stabilizing the Shu Han Kingdom.
The reason Zhuge Liang never officially became the head of state was due to his loyalty and respect for Liu Bei. He faithfully supported Liu Bei’s claim to the throne and acted as his trusted advisor. Even after Liu Bei’s death, Zhuge Liang continued to serve the Liu family, acting as a regent for Liu Bei’s son, Liu Shan.
Zhuge Liang’s rule was marked by his pursuit of the “Way of the King,” embodying Confucian principles of benevolence, righteousness, and virtue. His leadership influenced the governance of Shu and earned him respect and admiration from both his allies and enemies.
Despite never holding the position of the head of state, Zhuge Liang’s impact on the Shu Han Kingdom was profound. His intelligence, strategic thinking, and administrative abilities allowed the kingdom to flourish during a time of political turmoil and warfare.
In conclusion, Zhuge Liang was one commander in history who effectively ruled over a kingdom without officially being the head of state. His contributions to the Shu Han Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period in ancient China were undeniable, solidifying his place as one of history’s greatest strategists and statesmen.