Which of the following was built at the order of Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal?

Answer: The Taj Mahal.

Some extra relevant information:

The Taj Mahal: An Icon of Love and Architectural Masterpiece

One of the most recognizable landmarks in the world, the Taj Mahal stands as a symbol of eternal love and architectural brilliance. Built at the order of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor of India, it was constructed in loving memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Commissioned in 1632 and completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal is located in the city of Agra, in the northern part of India. It is a mausoleum of white marble, adorned with exquisite details and intricate designs. Set amidst well-manicured gardens, the Taj Mahal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of visitors from around the globe each year.

Mumtaz Mahal was the beloved wife of Shah Jahan and played an integral role in his life. She died while giving birth to their fourteenth child, leaving the emperor devastated. In her honor, Shah Jahan embarked on a mission to create a monument that would symbolize their eternal love.

Master architects and artisans from various parts of the world were brought together to bring Shah Jahan’s vision to life. The construction of the Taj Mahal involved an estimated 20,000 workers, including stonemasons, calligraphers, and craftspeople. Skilled artisans meticulously carved intricate floral patterns, calligraphy, and semi-precious stones into the marble facade, creating a breathtaking masterpiece.

The symmetrical design of the Taj Mahal reflects perfect harmony and balance. The mausoleum is centered on a large platform, with a magnificent dome rising to a height of about 240 feet (73 meters). The four minarets flanking the Taj Mahal are not attached to the main structure but were strategically built to appear as if they were. This optical illusion adds to the grandeur of the monument.

Inside the Taj Mahal lies the cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. The actual graves are situated in a lower chamber, away from public view, as per Islamic tradition. The intricate marble lattice screens and delicate inlaid work inside the mausoleum add to its ethereal beauty.

The Taj Mahal is not only an architectural wonder but also a testament to the depth of Shah Jahan’s love for his wife. It stands as a symbol of eternal love and has gained the status of being one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Taj Mahal continues to captivate the hearts and minds of people worldwide, making it an enduring legacy of love and beauty in the annals of history.

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