Answer: Marco Polo.
Some extra relevant information:
Marco Polo, an Italian explorer, is widely known for writing the first extensive travelogue about China. His book, “The Travels of Marco Polo,” provides detailed accounts of his journeys and experiences in China during the 13th century. Polo’s travelogue played a crucial role in introducing China’s history, culture, and art to the European world, fostering an increased interest in the region and its wonders. In his accounts, he described China’s impressive cities, advanced infrastructure, prosperous economy, exquisite craftsmanship, and unique cultural practices. Marco Polo’s travelogue remains a significant historical source and a testament to the early cultural exchange between Europe and China.