Answer: The War of the Austrian Succession took place from 1740 to 1748.
Some extra relevant information:
The War of the Austrian Succession was a major conflict that took place from 1740 to 1748. This war emerged as a result of the disputed succession to the Austrian throne after the death of Emperor Charles VI. His daughter Maria Theresa inherited the Habsburg territories, including Austria, but faced opposition and multiple claims from other European powers, most notably Prussia, France, and Bavaria.
The initial invasion of Silesia by Prussia in 1740 marked the beginning of hostilities. Frederick II of Prussia sought to take advantage of the situation and seize Austrian territories for himself. France, under King Louis XV, also joined the war on the side of Prussia in an attempt to weaken the Habsburgs and expand their own influence in Europe.
The war involved numerous battles and campaigns across Europe, including the infamous Battle of Fontenoy in 1745, where French forces clashed with an allied army composed of British, Dutch, and Austrian troops. The conflict also saw naval engagements, such as the Battle of Toulon in the Mediterranean.
Ultimately, the war ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. This peace agreement restored the pre-war territorial status quo, leaving Maria Theresa in control of Austria. However, the war had profound consequences for the balance of power in Europe, highlighting the rise of Prussia as a major player and weakening the position of the Habsburgs.
The War of the Austrian Succession had significant implications for the subsequent conflicts in Europe, notably the Seven Years’ War. It demonstrated the complex dynamics of power struggles and territorial disputes among European powers during the 18th century.